Calculating Tax - rates and bands

Information on the rates and bands for LBTT.

Online Tax Calculators

Revenue Scotland has developed online calculators which work out the amount of LBTT payable on residential and non-residential land and property transactions. These calculators take account of the changes and are for reference purposes only.

Residential Property Transactions – LBTT Rates and Bands

For residential property transactions, the rate of tax is determined by reference to the amount of the chargeable consideration for the transaction falling within the bands below:

 Purchase price  LBTT rate
 Up to £145,000  0%
 Above £145,000 to £250,000  2%
 Above £250,000 to £325,000  5%
 Above £325,000 to £750,000  10%
 Over £750,000  12%

LBTT(S)A 2013 section 24 provides for the calculation and section 59(1) sets out what counts as residential property. If the purchase price is above the nil rate tax band of £145,000, LBTT is charged at the appropriate rate on the amount of the chargeable consideration within the relevant bands. For example, a house bought for £280,000 is charged at:

  • 0% for the first £145,000, then
  • 2% for the next £105,000
  • 5% for the next £30,000 and
  • so £3,600 must be paid in LBTT

 Consideration genuinely attributable to moveable property is not included within chargeable consideration. Moveable property includes fixtures and fittings e.g. curtains and furniture.

Additional Dwelling Supplement – LBTT Rates and Bands 

The ADS rate was changed to 4% with effect from 25 January 2019. The contract date and the effective date of your transaction will determine whether the changes affect you.  

ADS rates for transactions on or after 25 January 2019

ADS is 4% of the ‘relevant consideration’ (usually the purchase price).

ADS rates for transactions prior to 25 January 2019

ADS is 3% of the ‘relevant consideration’ (usually the purchase price).

Transitional Provision

Where the effective date of a land transaction is on or after 25 January 2019 and the contract for the land transaction was entered into prior to 12 December 2018, the tax rate of 3% for ADS that was in force prior to 25 January 2019 will apply.

Further information can be found at LBTT10080.

The Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2016 provides for an Additional Dwelling Supplement (ADS) of LBTT to be applied on purchases of additional residential properties in Scotland of £40,000 or more. 

Paragraph 4 of schedule 2A sets out how the Additional Dwelling Supplement is calculated and the parameters for defining the relevant consideration. The supplement may apply to parts of some non-residential transactions, which the taxpayer (or in most cases their agent) will determine by the concept of “just and reasonable apportionment”. Further details on the Additional Dwelling Supplement can be found in the guidance section of the website.

Non-residential Property Transactions – LBTT Rates and Bands

The non-residential LBTT rates and bands were changed with effect from 25 January 2019.

Non-residential rates and bands for transactions on or after 25 January 2019

 Purchase price  LBTT rate
 Up to £150,000  0%
 Above £150,000 to £250,000  1%
 Above £250,000  5%

If the consideration is above the upper amount of the nil rate band, LBTT is charged at the appropriate rate on the amount of the chargeable consideration within that band. For example, an office bought for £465,000 is charged at:

  • 0% for the first £150,000;
  • 1% for the next £100,000;
  • 5% for the remaining £215,000;
  • So, £11,750 must be paid in LBTT

Non-residential rates and bands for transactions prior to 25 January 2019

 Purchase price  LBTT rate
 Up to £150,000  0%
 Above £150,000 to £350,000  3%
 Above £350,000  4.5%
  • 0% for the first £150,000; 
  • 3% for the next £200,000;
  • 4.5% for the remaining £115,000;
  • So, £11,175 must be paid in LBTT

LBTT(S)A 2013 section 24 provides for the calculation and section 59(2) sets out what counts as non-residential property. Where a transaction involves both non-residential and residential property, LBTT(S)A 2013 section 24(4) provides that the transaction will be a non-residential property transaction.

LBTT(S)A 2013 schedule 2 sets out how chargeable consideration is to be determined and amongst other things non-monetary consideration is chargeable consideration.

These rates and bands should also be used to determine the tax due on any premium paid for the assignation of a lease (other than those treated as the grant of a new lease).

Leases of Residential Property

Generally, leases of residential property are exempt from LBTT - LBTT(S)A 2013 schedule 1, paragraph 3. Our legislation guidance explains the position of those exceptional types of residential leases which are chargeable to LBTT in the same way as non-residential leases.

Leases of Non-residential Property – LBTT Rates and Bands

The rates and bands for non-residential lease transactions were changed with effect from 07 February 2020.

Lease transaction rates and bands for transactions on or after 07 February 2020 

 NPV of rent payable  Rate of tax to apply
 Up to £150,000  0%
 Above £150,000 to £2,000,000  1%
 Above £2,000,000  2%

Lease transaction rates and bands for transactions prior to 07 February 2020

 NPV of rent payable  Rate of tax to apply
 Up to £150,000  0%
 Above £150,000  1%

 LBTT(S)A 2013 schedule 19, paragraph 3-7 provides for the calculation.

Transitional Provisions

Where the effective date of a lease transaction is on or after 07 February 2020 and the agreement for lease/missives of let for the lease transaction were entered into on or before 05 February 2020, the tax rates and bands for lease transactions that were in force prior to 07 February 2020 will apply.

Please see LBTT6040 [Add hyperlink to new page] for more information. 

Lease Premiums 

LBTT may also be payable on chargeable consideration other than rent, such as a premium. In such cases, the standard tax rates and bands for non-residential property transactions apply to any payments other than rent under a lease:

Transactions on or after 25 January 2019

 Purchase price  LBTT rate
 Up to £150,000  0%
 Above £150,000 to £250,000  1%
 Above £250,000  5%

Transactions prior to 25 January 2019

 Purchase price  LBTT rate
 Up to £150,000  0%
 Above £150,000 to £350,000  3%
 Above £350,000  4.5%

Please note that where the ‘relevant rent’ (in other words the average rent) is at least £1,000 per annum, the nil rate tax band does not apply in relation to the premium. In such cases, there is no nil rate and the first £150,000 consideration by way of a premium will be taxed at the rate of the following band.

Ref ID: 
guide-ref-1
Archive Date: 
6 February 2020
Last updated: 
6 February 2020

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