LBTT5002 – Exchanges

LBTT guidance on land transactions involving exchanges of major interests in land.

Where land transactions are entered into that involve an exchange of major interests in land (traditionally known as ‘excambions’), they are treated as two separate land transactions which are not linked for LBTT purposes (see LBTT2008). The expression ‘major interest in land’ means the interest of an owner of land or the right of a tenant in or over property subject to a lease.

Each land transaction requires a LBTT return to be made to us unless it is not notifiable (see LBTT4003).

Two parties might enter into two or more land transactions in consideration for each other. A might accept a conveyance from B of an area of land or a building as all or part of the consideration for disposing to B  an area of land or building.

LBTT(S)A 2013 section 13

Determining the chargeable consideration for transactions involving exchanges of interests in land

The chargeable consideration rules below regarding exchanges of interests in land:

  • do not apply where the rule involving arrangements with certain public or education bodies applies – see LBTT2015; and
  • are subject to the rule regarding the division or partition of a chargeable interest to which parties are jointly entitled - see LBTT2010.

Three worked examples in relation to determining the chargeable consideration in exchanges are provided separately on our website under LBTT Worked Examples.

In the rules below:

  • ‘relevant acquisition’ means a land transaction which is entered into by a person as a buyer (alone or jointly) wholly or partly in consideration of one or more other land transactions (a ‘relevant disposal’) being entered into by that person (alone or jointly) as seller; and
  • ‘relevant transaction’ means any transaction which is either a relevant acquisition or a relevant disposal.

The rules that apply depend on whether the subject-matter of any of the relevant transactions is or is not a major interest in land.

If the subject-matter of any of the relevant transactions is a major interest in land then:

  • where a single relevant acquisition is made, the chargeable consideration for the acquisition is the greater of:
    • the market value (see LBTT2016) of the subject-matter of the acquisition (or, if the acquisition is the grant of a lease, the rent); or
    • the amount which would, ignoring this rule, be the chargeable consideration for the acquisition.
  • where two or more relevant acquisitions are made, the chargeable consideration for each relevant acquisition is the greater of:
    • the market value of the subject-matter of that acquisition (or, if the acquisition is the grant of a lease, the rent); or
    • the amount which would, ignoring this rule, be the chargeable consideration for that acquisition.

If the subject-matter of none of the relevant transactions is a major interest in land then:

  • where a single relevant acquisition is made in consideration of one or more relevant disposals, the chargeable consideration for the acquisition is the amount or value of any chargeable consideration other than the disposal or disposals that are given for the acquisition; or
  • where two or more relevant acquisitions are made in consideration of one or more relevant disposals, the chargeable consideration for each relevant acquisition is the appropriate proportion (see below) of the amount or value of any chargeable consideration other than the disposal or disposals that are given for the acquisitions.

The ‘appropriate proportion’ is:

 MV

TMV

Where:

  • MV is the market value (see LBTT2016) of the subject-matter of the acquisition for which the chargeable consideration is being determined; and
  • TMV is the total market value of the subject-matter of all the relevant acquisitions.



LBTT(S)A 2013 schedule 2 paragraph 5

Ref ID: 
LBTT5002
Archive Date: 
8 March 2015
Last updated: 
30 September 2016

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Updated date: 2015-03-23 10:56
Version ID: 665
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